In economics, the emergence of New Growth Theory in recent decades has directed attention to an old and important problem: what are the forces of economic growth and how can public policy enhance them? This book examines major forces of growth--including spillover effects and externalities, education and formation of human capital, knowledge creation through deliberate research efforts, and public infrastructure investment. Unique in emphasizing the importance of different forces for particular stages of development, it offers wide-ranging policy implications in the process.
The authors critically examine recently developed endogenous growth models, study the dynamic implications of modified models, and test the models empirically with modern time series methods that avoid the perils of heterogeneity in cross-country studies. Their empirical analyses, undertaken with newly constructed time series data for the United States and some core countries of the Euro zone, show that models containing scale effects, such as the R&D model and the human capital model, are compatible with time series evidence only after considerable modifications and nonlinearities are introduced. They also explore the relationship between growth and inequality, with particular focus on technological change and income disparity. The Forces of Economic Growth represents a comprehensive and up-to-date empirical time series perspective on the New Growth Theory.
Alfred Greiner is Professor of Economics at Bielefeld University, in Bielefeld, Germany. Willi Semmler is Professor of Economics at New School University and at the Center for Empirical Economics at Bielefeld University. He is the author of Asset Prices, Booms, and Recessions, coauthor of Disequilibrium, Growth, and Labor Market Dynamics and coeditor of the series Dynamic Modelling and Econometrics in Economics and Finance. Gang Gong is Associate Professor of Economics and Management at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China.